In Islamic theology, God (Arabic: الله Allāh) is the all-powerful and all-knowing creator, sustainer, ordainer and judge of the universe. Islam emphasizes that God is strictly singular (tawḥīd )unique (wāḥid ) and inherently One (aḥad ), all-merciful and omnipotent. According to Islamic teachings God exists without place and according to the Qur’an, “Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted.” (Qur’an 6:103) God, as referenced in the Qur’an, is the only God. (29:46)
In Islam, there are 99 known Names of God (al-asmāʼ al-ḥusná lit. meaning: “The best names”), each of which evoke a distinct attribute of God. All these names refer to Allah, the supreme and all-comprehensive divine name. Among the 99 names of God, the most familiar and frequent of these names are “the Compassionate” (al-raḥmān) and “the Merciful” (al-raḥīm). Creation and ordering of the universe is seen as an act of prime mercy for which all creatures sing God’s glories and bear witness to God’s unity and lordship. God responds to those in need or distress whenever they call. Above all, God guides humanity to the right way, “the holy ways”.
He is usually referred to as Prophet Muhammad or just The Prophet by Muslims, and regarded as the greatest of all the prophets, and his established religion as the only accepted religion to God (Quran 3:19). He is seen by Muslims as a possessor of all virtues. As an act of respect Muslims follow the name of Muhammad by the Arabic benediction “sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam” (Peace be upon him, sometimes abbreviated S.A.W.), a practice instructed by Quran and Hadith. The deeds and sayings in the life of Muhammad – known asSunnah – are considered a model of the life-style that Muslims are obliged to follow. Recognizing Muhammad as God’s true messenger is one of the central requirements in Islam which is clearly laid down in the second part of Shahadah, the Islamic proclamation of faith: “There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah”. The Quran chiefly refers to Muhammad as “Messenger” and “Messenger of Allah” (Quran 48:29), and asks people to follow him so as to become successful in the afterlife (Quran 3:132).
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